Sailing Winds on Wall Street

Shipping is an industry full of surprises. And, volatility. While until February this year the surprise mainly had been about the really terrible state of the freight market, the last few months have shown a tendency for the market to surprise on the positive side. Freight rates for the dry bulk market have moved to cash-flow positive levels in the last few months and tanker freight rates have been fair despite some relative weakness.

It’s a long way from saying that the market has recovered, no doubt. Many shipowners still remain in financial distress and several of the options available to shipping banks can only have adversarial impact on shipowners. But again, when shipping has been in a miserable stage for the last eight years, there are no overnight cures – short of a major macro or geopolitical event.

Besides freight rates, the overall mood for the market seems to be improving; we do not mean only shipowners, who by nature are always an optimistic bunch and they seem pre-conditioned to be looking to buy more ships – always. The capital market seem to have gotten a sense of euphoria too after the presidential elections in the US, whether on a sense of a perceived catalyst of definitely a new approach to governing or on the hopes of an infrastructure investment spree. The fact that capital markets didn’t melt after the results of the Italian elections last week is a further sign of pervasive optimism.

And, we are glad to see that market optimism getting tangible for shipping companies, especially for publicly listed companies. After several years of a bone-dry draught for IPOs and secondary offerings, the last month, just in time for the holidays, brought several successful fund raisings. Most recently, Seanergy of Greece (ticker: SHIP) raised $15 mil in a secondary offering and Safe Bulkers still of Greece (ticker: SB) raised $14 million the week prior; both companies are active in the dry bulk market and intend to finance vessel acquisitions with the proceeds. A couple of weeks ago, Costamare of Greece (ticker: CMRE) raised $72 mil in the containership markets and Höegh LNG of Norway (ticker HMLP) raised $106 mil in the LNG tanker market. A month ago, Saverys in Belgium raised $100 mil in the US for a blank check (SPAC) to acquire dry bulk vessels via their Hunter Maritime Acquisition Corp (ticker: HUNTU) investment vehicle.

The amounts involved are a small fraction of the golden days of the capital markets for shipping companies a decade ago; however, until recently it has been a very quiet market in the capital markets for IPOs and secondary offerings for all types of companies. However, this is a positive development under any light seen. All the offerings mentioned above took some serious effort and / or a serious management team and sponsor behind the companies to raise the money; and still, some of the raisings took place at a discount to the market. Thus, not all news is as rosy and sunny as they appear. However, again, we want to take the view that a successful raising today for shipping is a major accomplishment irrespective of the circumstances. These are five successful attempts for different amounts of money and circumstances and in three different industry segments, two of which (dry bulk and containerships) were left for dead four months ago. It shows in our opinion the resilience of the capital markets and the investor appetite for shipping overall. To that extent, we tend to take the view that the news is just fantastic!

Hopefully the momentum will continue and there will be more offerings in the new year. And, hopefully, any fund raisings will be utilized to build solid shipping companies or strengthen balance sheets of shipping companies and the capital markets will not serve as a fodder for speculative newbuilding orders as it happened a couple of years ago, a course of action that has been detrimental for both the instigators and innocent bystanders whereby the freight market crashed under the burden of huge tonnage oversupply. Hopefully there is a lesson to be learned here.

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Smooth seas… Image credit: Karatzas Images.

Another lesson to be learned too, hopefully, by the recent developments is that the capital markets, especially the US capital markets, are deep and substantial and can be depended upon for shipowners to keep raising money; as long as they have solid management teams and transparent corporate governance and decent business plans. All the companies mentioned above successfully check almost all of these points. Taking a broader historical view of the capital markets and shipping, there has been a wide and diverse populace of shipping companies that opportunistically went public in the last decade and now a few of them ended as penny-stocks or and others soon will be delisted. One cannot blame the market for some of these companies falling into hard times, but there is plenty of blame to go around seeing the management of these companies aggrandizing for themselves by exorbitant executive compensation packages, usurious vessel management agreements and plain old-fashioned self-dealing. Hopefully the present success of shipping companies raising money will be a painful reminder to some of the ailing companies that greed is not always good as it can kill the goose that lays the golden eggs.

We long have taken the position – and have advised our firm’s clients accordingly, that shipping finance is facing structural changes; the old model of committing to lending in shipping based on a hand-shake is extinct. Raising money from shipping banks is and will be getting tougher and more expensive. Capital will be coming to shipping in different ways (capital markets, etc) whereby only few owners will be able to benefit from. The work for shipowners adjusting to the new market circumstances is not done yet.

As we said earlier, we are a long way from a market recovery.


Disclaimer: Karatzas Marine Advisors & Co. has advised or otherwise has been involved with some of the market transactions referenced above. This article is strictly intended for information purposes.


The article was originally appeared on the Maritime Executive under the title “Setting Sail (Again) on Wall Street on December 13, 2016.


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Where the winds are strong… Image credit: Karatzas Images

IMPORTANT DISCLAIMER:  Access to this blog signifies the reader’s irrevocable acceptance of this disclaimer. No part of this blog can be reproduced by any means and under any circumstances, whatsoever, in whole or in part, without proper attribution or the consent of the copyright and trademark holders of this website. Whilst every effort has been made to ensure that information here within has been received from sources believed to be reliable and such information is believed to be accurate at the time of publishing, no warranties or assurances whatsoever are made in reference to accuracy or completeness of said information, and no liability whatsoever will be accepted for taking or failing to take any action upon any information contained in any part of this website.  Thank you for the consideration.

Good Old Days for Shipping

The dry bulk freight market has put an impressive performance of late; the Baltic Dry Index (BDI) has tripled since reaching bottom in February. Now, dry bulkers are in cashflow positive territory, sufficient to cover daily operating expenses (OpEx) and, partially, the financial cost. On the other hand, for tankers, it’s a different story, as tanker freight rates have dropped significantly with primarily shale oil being the game changer; but still, in cash flow positive territory.

On the sale & purchase front, there has been strong demand by buyers for bulker vessels; demand for tankers has been lackluster on the other hand. Prices for bulkers have improved in the last several months by as much as 30% for certain types of vessels. Prices for tankers, on the other hand, have been softening. All along, shipping finance is getting ever more difficult to source; and more expensive.

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A listing ship and a church. Probably a good reflection of shipping today: lots of troubles and prayers in the same port… Image credit: Karatzas Images

Buying interest for vessels earlier this year had been dominated by a handful of big players who either had raised funds or had their own deep pockets to depend on. Such buyers have bought most of the quality, modern expensive (in absolute terms) ships that owners were forced to sell when the market was abysmal and cash flows were negative. Now, we see a great deal of buying interest from smaller shipowner who have to depend on expensive financing to acquire vessels and who actually will have to stretch themselves for acquisitions, even for still cheap at today’s prices – by historical levels. We have seen buyers putting all the resources together tightly to buy one or two vessels but with little cash reserves on the side for a rainy day. These are the typical speculative buyers who try to time the market by buying low and selling high, and who trade their vessels on the spot market in the interim.

If one were to ‘grade’ buying interest, the strong buying interest at present is definitely of low quality. Earlier in the year, there were substantial buyers with deep pockets buying several sistership vessels or fleets of vessels. Now, small players with no strategic or competitive advantage, with thin pockets and lots of dependence on luck and circumstance are looking to buy a cheap vessel here or a cheap vessel there. Now that freight rates have been improving and the market seems to breathe again some sign of life, they all rush to ride the wave. For bulkers it’s a ‘buy’ mode, but for tankers it’s a ‘stay away’ mode as in the latter market rates have going south and the momentum has been evaporating. All in all, a highly speculative approach to the shipping market, especially by the weaker hands who borrow expensively and they bet that the market will turn around sooner than their short runway will disappear.

We view with concern the recent resurgence of buying interest in the dry bulk market and the flip side, the absence of interest for the tanker market. Buying interest is not driven by access to cargoes or fundamental analysis of stronger demand; it’s mostly predicated on the fact that dry bulk vessels are cheap and the freight market is improving, at least in the short term. Pure speculation without much analysis; honestly, we are not the ones to judge on that, if that’s how one wishes to apply a market model. On the other hand, speculation has brought much of the present tonnage oversupply from owners who were ordering them to shipyards that were building them to shipping banks that were financing them.

Having experienced a cashflow negative market for almost two years which saw many shipowners burn their cash to survive or seen their vessels ‘re-allocated’ by the banks, the amount of speculative action in the market is scary. We appreciate that shipping and volatility (and speculation) go hand-in-hand, but one would had thought that two years of bleeding should had taught a lesson or two.

A sign of froth in the stock market is when small investors get all their little savings together and step to open a brokerage account and try to participate in a rally, buying odd lots of shares, and trying to ride the tail of the wave. It’s interpreted that when weak hands get the itch for speculation and getting sucked in, it’s when one knows that there is little more money to be pulled into the vortex.

We are all for entrepreneurship and active capitalism, but buy because ‘ships are cheap and the market will recover’ is not always the best business plan. Typically assets that are out-of-favor will again be back in favor, no doubt, but there is more to the story in order to make money by other than just speculating. Otherwise, it seems a sucker’s game.


This article was first published on the Seatrade Maritime News under the title: “Is it really the right time to buy ships?” on November 28, 2016. We’d like to thank them for their finding it worth publishing on their esteemed website!

© 2013 – present Basil M Karatzas & Karatzas Marine Advisors & Co.  All Rights Reserved.


IMPORTANT DISCLAIMER:  Access to this blog signifies the reader’s irrevocable acceptance of this disclaimer. No part of this blog can be reproduced by any means and under any circumstances, whatsoever, in whole or in part, without proper attribution or the consent of the copyright and trademark holders of this website. Whilst every effort has been made to ensure that information here within has been received from sources believed to be reliable and such information is believed to be accurate at the time of publishing, no warranties or assurances whatsoever are made in reference to accuracy or completeness of said information, and no liability whatsoever will be accepted for taking or failing to take any action upon any information contained in any part of this website.  Thank you for the consideration.

Basil M Karatzas and Karatzas Marine Advisors Quoted in the News

The shipping industry has been maintaining a very active profile in the mainstream international business press. Major bankruptcies, reorganizations, merges, vessel arrests and auctions are daily routine these days. Shipping banks, shipping loans actively and non performing loans (NPL) along with provisions are of concern or interest to many.  And, the  freight market that keeps surprising in terms of volatility.

We are delighted that Karatzas Marine Advisors & Co., and its founder Basil M Karatzas have become the contact to have for shipping market expertise; with prompt access to market information and a vast network and access to senior executives worldwide, in the shipping industry and several complimentary industries, the company has had a front row seat to today’s developments in the maritime industry and has been enjoying an active deal-flow and the trust of many in the shipping industry.

Dry-Bulk Shipping Owners Get Reprieve as Rates Rebound
(Wall Street Journal, November 24, 2016)

What Will Save the Shipping Industry? Eight Industry Thoughts Leaders Weigh In   (LLoyd’s List, November 17, 2016)

Taiwan Approves $1.9 Billion Aid Package to Troubled Shipping Companies
(Wall Street Journal, November 16, 2016)

Varsler shippinghavari (translated as ‘Warning Signs for Shipping’)
Dagens Næringsliv, (November 11, 2016 – In Norwegian)

Τα απόνερα από την εκλογή Τραμπ
(Η Ναυτεμπορικἠ, November 10, 2016 – In Greek)

Israel’s Zim Looking to Sell Most Global Shipping Operations
(Wall Street Journal, November 4, 2016)

Japan’s Largest Shipping Firms to Merge Container Operations
(Wall Street Journal, October 31, 2016)

Offen Group Selling Two MR Tankers
(Lloyd’s List, October 25, 2016)

Pressure on German shipping lenders unlikely to ease
(The Financial Times, September 21, 2016)

Guest Voices: Shipping Banks Face Sinking Prospects as They Postpone Reckoning
(Wall Street Journal, September 19, 2016)

It’s not over – Shipping industry adapting to difficult times
(Wärtsilä, September 12, 2016)

Shipping industry not buoyed by low fuel costs
(The Cayman Islands Journal, June 1, 2016)

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Aptly named containership vessel MV ‘King Basil’ departing the port of Piraeus. Image credit: Karatzas Images

© 2013 – present Basil M Karatzas & Karatzas Marine Advisors & Co.  All Rights Reserved.

IMPORTANT DISCLAIMER:  Access to this blog signifies the reader’s irrevocable acceptance of this disclaimer. No part of this blog can be reproduced by any means and under any circumstances, whatsoever, in whole or in part, without proper attribution or the consent of the copyright and trademark holders of this website. Whilst every effort has been made to ensure that information here within has been received from sources believed to be reliable and such information is believed to be accurate at the time of publishing, no warranties or assurances whatsoever are made in reference to accuracy or completeness of said information, and no liability whatsoever will be accepted for taking or failing to take any action upon any information contained in any part of this website.  Thank you for the consideration.

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When Ship Scrapping is an Industry’s Best Hope of a Favorable Wind

Holy Scrap!

When one wants to express strong astonishment, ‘Holy mackerel!’ is a nautical expression that does the trick well. We heard this expression (in British English, that is) many many years ago by a Brit who had beached on the Louisiana coastline in the US Gulf a few decades earlier.

There are a couple of theories for the origin of the expression, but the most plausible holds that since mackerel is a fish that goes bad very fast, fishermen in old England were given extraordinary permission by the church to sell their mackerel catch on Sundays. ‘Guests and fish stink in three days’, the wise Benjamin Franklin astutely once observed, but mackerel is worse than that. And if the church is willing to grant permission to do business on the Lord’s day, there has to be a sacred excuse, and thus the expression.

The expression came to mind while reading a market commentary on the fact that the just passed IMO regulation demanding 0.5% sulphur content in bunker fuel by 2020 will lead to a scrapping wave strong enough to bring a much wanted tonnage balance in the shipping market. In a lousy shipping market, this was a ‘Holy mackerel!’ moment, the way we saw it.

Or, ‘Holy scrap!’ to be more precise; nothing could be more sacrosanct than scrapping in the present market!

The IMO regulation has the potential to be a costly catalyst for the shipping industry, by as much as $40 billion by some estimates. For an industry in distress, additional costs and mandatory investments are the last news one wants to hear about. Complying with the new resolution, a shipowner would have to retrofit a vessel to burn high quality marine diesel fuel low in sulphur, install scrubbers to arrest pollutants and lower emissions or, thirdly, convert the vessel to be powered by natural gas or another low emissions fuel; all pricey solutions that will cost a couple of million of investment per vessel, a tough proposition for a shipowner in a weak market.

Scrapping however is a long shot as an alternative course of action.

Deciding to sell a vessel for scrap is one of the hardest decisions a shipowner has to make, and literally, this is the last decision they will make after exhausting every possible scenario. Selling a vessel for scrap is a terminal and irrevocable decision and quite often entails taking losses in today’s market. Even if there is a ray of hope and an alternative, the shipowner will decide to hold off selling the vessel for scrap. Old age, obsolete design, tonnage oversupply, new regulations, etc are not always definite reasons for scrapping.

With OPA 90, following the grounding of the infamous tanker ‘Exxon Valdez’, single hull tankers were given an expiration date for January 1st, 2015 to be totally removed from the trade. A long lead-time indeed for shipowners to plan for that resolution. What effectively happened was that although there were no single-hulled tanker newbuilding orders since the late 90’s and publicly listed and politically correct shipowners divested off of their single hull tonnage soon thereafter, almost 14% of the world’s tanker fleet was still single-hulled in January 2010, twenty whole years after the new regulation came into place and five years before the final ‘drop dead’ date. Regulations or not, shipowners, worldwide and collectively, effectively kept ‘obsolete’ ships in the market much longer than anybody would had anticipated.

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Scrapping activity is an inverse relationship of the freight market. Credit: Karatzas Marine Advisors & Co.

The first decade of our century experienced once-in-a-lifetime freight market on the back of China’s expansive growth and easy credit by lenders, which partially explains how single-hulled tankers were kept afloat for so long. Actually, all being equal, the strength of the freight market is a best predictor of the level of scrapping and tonnage withdrawals from the shipping market. As long as freight rates are cash flow positive, ships are not getting scrapped; when the freight market is cash flow negative and prospects for a recovery are poor, then demolition levels pick up. The following graph of the Baltic Dry Index (BDI), the proxy for the dry bulk shipping market, clearly shows the inverse relationship between the index and scrapping activity. There seem to be a two-three month lag, but each time the BDI drastically moves, the scrap yards in Alang, Gadani and Chittagong get to hear about it, one way or another. Earlier in 2016, when the BDI was flirting with all time lows, demolition activity had spiked through the roof, approaching 10% of the world fleet. A few months later with the freight market barely above break even for the dry bulk market, scrapping has more than halved, to the disappointment of analysts and investors who were drawing straight line annual projections based on the activity of the first few months of the year. Scrapping is high still today, to be sure, and comes from many sectors, including containerships, but the moral of the story is that scrapping does not seem to be the convenient and sacrosanct solution that always seem to be.

There is a third case of disappointment in scrapping: after the shipping market collapsed in 2008, still cash rich shipowners and institutional investors were aiming at buying dirty cheap ships from shipping banks. When the banks held back from selling at any price, at least then, many a shipowner and especially an institutional investor jumped on the wagon of ‘eco-ships’ being fuel efficient that would make ships held by the banks obsolete. And, a massive wave of newbuilding orders was placed. Fast forward five years later, and we all now know that the fresh deliveries of better eco-ships failed miserably to force older tonnage to the scrap heap. Brand new ships, and modern ships, and older ship, and old ships have kept floating and trading and depressing the freight market for all. The wave of demolitions triggered by the eco-design deliveries crowding out older tonnage, shown in Power-point presentations to Wall Street, has failed to materialize and save the market. Holy scrap was not!

We do not want to discount the importance of scrapping to achieving a balanced market. Actually, at this stage of the cycle, scrapping seems one of the most promising drivers for the market; shipping is so bad, indeed. And the new regulations by the IMO for lower emissions will push some shipowners to the edge, and some ships to the beach. However, likely, in our opinion, scrapping will be a slow remedy that will be more drastic with the level of the pain of the market, that is the state of the BDI and the rest of the freight market.

As they say, pain is beauty!

Holy scrap!

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Never easy to say ‘Good bye’ in shipping. Image credit: Karatzas Images


This article was originally was posted on Splash 24/7 under the title ‘Holy Scrap’ on November 1st, 2016.


© 2013 – present Basil M Karatzas & Karatzas Marine Advisors & Co.  All Rights Reserved.

IMPORTANT DISCLAIMER:  Access to this blog signifies the reader’s irrevocable acceptance of this disclaimer. No part of this blog can be reproduced by any means and under any circumstances, whatsoever, in whole or in part, without proper attribution or the consent of the copyright and trademark holders of this website. Whilst every effort has been made to ensure that information here within has been received from sources believed to be reliable and such information is believed to be accurate at the time of publishing, no warranties or assurances whatsoever are made in reference to accuracy or completeness of said information, and no liability whatsoever will be accepted for taking or failing to take any action upon any information contained in any part of this website.  Thank you for the consideration.

Lexis Nexis – Hanjin Receivership Free Webinar

Hanjin Shipping‘s filings in early September 2016, for receivership in South Korean court and subsequent filing for Chapter 15 protection in US federal bankruptcy court, have been making front-pages news even in general interest newspapers and media. The case revolves around logistical, legal and financial considerations interweaved perilously together and can potentially affect everyday life with peak shopping season soon upon us.

LexisNexis Legal & Professional is hosting a Free Webinar on the matter of Hanjin’s receivership addressing both legal and commercial issues of the case. The Webinar is held on Wednesday October 5th, 2016 at 15:00 hrs EDT.

Registration is fee and open to the general public. Entities interested in the case and its repercussions, whether they have immediate outstanding claims in the case or looking for general information on the case and the overall shipping markets are encouraged to register to attend.

We are delighted that Basil M Karatzas, CEO of Karatzas Marine Advisors & Co., has been invited to participate at the Webinar and address questions of commercial nature on the case and the overall shipping markets.

Mr Daniel Saval, partner with Brown Rudnick LLP, and holding substantial experience with Chapter 15 law, will be addressing legal questions during the session.

The Webinar will expertly be moderated by Ms. Danielle Bennett, Esq., Subject Matter Advisor on Banking, Finance and Restructuring with Lexis Nexis.

LexisNexis Legal & Professional is a leading global provider of content and technology solutions that enable professionals in legal, corporate, tax, government, academic and non-profit organizations to make informed decisions and achieve better business outcomes. As a digital pioneer, the company was the first to bring legal and business information online with its Lexis® and Nexis® services. Today, LexisNexis Legal & Professional harnesses leading-edge technology and world-class content to help professionals work in faster, easier and more effective ways. Through close collaboration with its customers, the company ensures organizations can leverage its solutions to reduce risk, improve productivity, increase profitability and grow their business. LexisNexis Legal & Professional, which serves customers in more than 175 countries with 10,000 employees worldwide, is part of RELX Group, a world-leading provider of information and analytics for professional and business customers across industries.

To Register for the Free Webinar, please click on the brochure herebelow and follow the instructions! We are looking forward to receiving the benefit of your participation at the event, on Wed October 5th, 2016, at 15:00 hrs EDT!

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© 2013 – present Basil M Karatzas & Karatzas Marine Advisors & Co.  All Rights Reserved.

IMPORTANT DISCLAIMER:  Access to this blog signifies the reader’s irrevocable acceptance of this disclaimer. No part of this blog can be reproduced by any means and under any circumstances, whatsoever, in whole or in part, without proper attribution or the consent of the copyright and trademark holders of this website. Whilst every effort has been made to ensure that information here within has been received from sources believed to be reliable and such information is believed to be accurate at the time of publishing, no warranties or assurances whatsoever are made in reference to accuracy or completeness of said information, and no liability whatsoever will be accepted for taking or failing to take any action upon any information contained in any part of this website.  Thank you for the consideration.

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Hanjin Shipping in Receivership

On August 31st, 2016, Hanjin Shipping filed a receivership petition with Seoul’s Central District Court, and on September 6th, for Chapter 15 protection at US Federal Bankruptcy Court in Newark, NJ. Filings in approximately 45 jurisdictions worldwide, where Hanjin vessels trade, are expected to be filed in the very near term.

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Containership MV ‘Hanjin Monaco’ against the downtown Manhattan skyline in better days. Image credit: Karatzas Images.

With approximately 140 vessels under management, only 40 of which are self-owned and 100 chartered-in or leased, there have been serious implications for the market, at least in the short term. With only US$ 700 mil in equity, US$ 1.7 billion value of its fleet and $5.4 billion in outstanding obligations, the capital structure resembles a house of cards. The value of the cargo on-board of Hanjin’s vessels at the time of filing for receivership was estimated at $14.5 billion. The ensuing result has been a logistical nightmare, given all such cargo had contractual obligations to be delivered on time, but Hanjin’s vendors would not render any services unless they were getting paid in advance. Receivership and Chapter 15 can stop creditors from knocking on the door, but vendors would now perform only on cash basis payments. Hanjin’s financial nightmare has been compounded by the legal complexity of the business which is further compounded by the logistical complexity of the containership liner business. Only the fact that the containership market has appr. 25% capacity (which has caused Hanjin’s financial troubles in the first place) can alleviate concerns that Hanjin’s potential demise will no be a threat to the supply chain and international trade.

Hanjin’s filing has been front page news for the whole last week. Here’s a list of articles in the print, TV and radio coverage where Basil M Karatzas and Karatzas Marine Advisors & Co were quoted:

Moral Hazard Case Study: Hanjin Shipping                                                          Maritime Executive, September 6th 2016

Containers Stranded at Sea After South Korean Company Goes Bankrupt         NPR, All Things Considered, September 8th, 2016                                                    To Listen to the Audio Clip, Please Click here!  

Retailers Seek U.S Help With Shipping Crisis                                                            The Wall Street Journal, September 1st, 2016

Hanjin Shipping Bankruptcy Unlikely to Ease Gluts of Vessels                                    The Wall Street Journal, September 2nd, 2016

Shipping Chaos                                                                                                              The Exchange CBC News Canadian Broadcasting Corporation                                TV Interview, September 2nd, 2016

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Basil Karatzas on CBC News – The Exchange about Hanjin Shipping’s Receivership. Image credit: CBC

© 2013 – present Basil M Karatzas & Karatzas Marine Advisors & Co.  All Rights Reserved.

IMPORTANT DISCLAIMER:  Access to this blog signifies the reader’s irrevocable acceptance of this disclaimer. No part of this blog can be reproduced by any means and under any circumstances, whatsoever, in whole or in part, without proper attribution or the consent of the copyright and trademark holders of this website. Whilst every effort has been made to ensure that information here within has been received from sources believed to be reliable and such information is believed to be accurate at the time of publishing, no warranties or assurances whatsoever are made in reference to accuracy or completeness of said information, and no liability whatsoever will be accepted for taking or failing to take any action upon any information contained in any part of this website.  Thank you for the consideration.

 

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The International Handbook of Shipping Finance

We are excited about the autumn publication of the new, authoritative handbook on shipping finance, The International Handbook of Shipping Finance, edited by Professors Manolis G. Kavussanos & Ilias D. Visvikis, and written by a series of authors with outstanding careers at the frontlines of the maritime industry and shipping finance.

Shipping Finance is a unique segment of finance in practice, given the special nature of the field, at the interface of the maritime industry, the finance and banking industry, and trade, fiscal and monetary policies. Shipping is a capital intense industry, and successful shipowners are often defined by their access to competitively priced cost of capital, and likely, the more plentiful and cheaper the capital, the great the success story – as long as risk management practices are grounded to industry fundamentals and accommodate the well-documented high volatility nature through the business cycles. Financial leverage, and financing in shipping, can be achieved in several forms from plain financial leases to operational leases to structured financing to asset backed lending, via export credit and project finance, through the capital and public markets. Shipping finance had traditionally been obtained based on the quality of the collateral (asset backed financing and first preferred ship mortgages), but both the banking-crisis-post-2008 and the evolvement of the maritime markets have necessitated a deeper understanding of the field. Expertise in the shipping markets (operating and managing ships) now has to be tantamount to the expertise of mastering and optimizing financial performance.

In our daily way of business, we are often approached by young people or new investors  and financiers to shipping asking “Where we can learn more about shipping finance”. Besides recommending (of course!) following our blog (Shipping Finance by Karatzas Marine), we can now heartily recommend The International Handbook of Shipping Finance, as a first port call for someone to get a ground foundation of the maritime industry and shipping finance. Written by practitioners in the field, the book offers more than just academic theory as it delves into the detail of ‘how actually is done’. Masterly edited by well-known Professors of shipping finance, Professors Manolis G. Kavussanos (presently Professor at Athens University of Economics and Business (AUEB) & Ilias D. Visvikis (presently Professor at the World Maritime University (WMU) in Malmö, Sweden), this handbook of shipping finance will serve well future generations of students, new investors, but mostly, we want to think, existing shipowners who now, with many shipping banks closed, will feel the need to getting a deeper understanding of shipping finance.

Basil M Karatzas and Karatzas Marine Advisors & Co have been honored to have been invited to contribute a chapter for The International Handbook of Shipping Finance, on the subject of shipping bonds: ‘Public Debt Markets for Shipping’, Chapter 6 of the book.

On a sampling basis, additional contributors to the book are (in alphabetical order): Stefan Albertijn, with HAMANT Beratungs-und Investitions GmbH, Dimitris Anagnostoulos with Aegean Baltic Bank (ABB), Henriette Brent Petersen with DVB Bank SE, Wolfgang Drobetz with the University of Hamburg, Fotis Giannakoulis of Morgan Stanley, Jan-Henrik Huebner with DNV GL, George Paleokrassas with Watson Farley & Williams, Jeffrey Pribor, with Jefferies LLC, and Manish Singh with V.Group Limited.


The International Handbook of Shipping Finance is a one-stop resource, offering comprehensive reference to theory and practice in the area of shipping finance. In the multi-billion dollar international shipping industry, it is important to understand the various issues involved in the finance of the sector. This involves the identification and evaluation of the alternative sources of capital available for financing the ships, including the appraisal and budgeting of shipping investment projects; legal and insurance aspects of ship finance; the financial analysis and modelling of investment projects; mergers and acquisitions; and the commercial and market risk management issues involved.

Technical where appropriate, but grounded in market reality, this is a “must-have” reference for anyone involved in shipping finance, from bank practitioners and commodity trading houses, to ship-brokers, lawyers and insurance houses as well as to university students studying shipping finance.

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The International Handbook of Shipping Finance. An exciting book to read in a swiftly changing shipping finance environment!

THE INTERNATIONAL HANDBOOK OF SHIPPING FINANCE
Edited by Professors Manolis G. Kavussanos & Ilias D. Visvikis

Flyer – The International Handbook of Shipping Finance JUL2016


© 2013 – present Basil M Karatzas & Karatzas Marine Advisors & Co.  All Rights Reserved.

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